Counsel of Chalcedon
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For Whom Did Jesus Die?

"This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself as a ransom for all, the testimony borne at the proper time" - Timothy 2:3-6.

For several centuries the Christian community has been engaged in an ongoing debate: For whom did Jesus die and does God desire every human being to repent and believe in Jesus? The debate is polarized between two theological worldviews, that of Calvinism and Arminianism. To better understand the nature of the controversy, it is helpful to give a brief historical survey.