Counsel of Chalcedon
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What is Man? Dichotomy vs. Trichotomy

"I am fearfully and wonderfully made," said the Psalmist (Psalm 139). But exactly how are we made? The first prayer that children often learn is, "Now I lay me down to sleep, I pray the Lord my soul to keep; if I should die before I wake, I pray the Lord my soul to take." From our earliest days we are taught that man is more than a body, that he is body and soul. The Bible also refers to man's spirit What do these words mean and what is their relationship to each other?

The Bible refers to various aspects of man. "Bodily exercise profiteth little," the Bible says, I Tim. 4:8. In Mat. 10:28, Jesus said, "Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both body and soul in hell." Paul, in I Thess. 5:23 prays that our body, soul, and spirit be preserved complete at the coming of Christ. We are commanded to love the Lord our God with all our heart, soul, mind, and strength, Mark 12:30. How are we to understand our created constitution?