Counsel of Chalcedon
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Liberty of Conscience and Religious Worship

In this section the doctrine of liberty of conscience is laid down in most explicit terms. The conscience, in all matters of faith and duty, is subject to the authority of God alone, and entirely free from all subjection to the traditions and commandments of men. To believe any doctrine, or obey any commandment, contrary to, or beside, the Word of God, out of submission to human authority, is to betray true liberty of conscience. And be the power and authority whose it will--be it that of a magistrate or a minister--of a husband, a master, or a parent--that would require an implicit faith and an absolute blind obedience, it would destroy liberty of conscience.